- Can you prevent addiction?
- School-Based Drug Abuse Prevention: Promising and Sucessful Programs
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Some of these transitional periods that could increase the possibility of youth using drugs are puberty , moving, divorce , leaving the security of the home and entering school. School transitions such as those from elementary to middle school or middle school to high school can be times that children and teenagers make new friends and are more susceptible to fall into environments where there are drugs available.
Most youth do not progress towards abusing other drugs after experimentation. Research has shown, when drug use begins at an early age, there is a greater possibility for addiction to occur. Youths from certain demographics are also at higher risk for abuse and addiction. These groups include those suffering from a mental illness and come from a family history of addiction. Yet, some teens living with dual diagnosis prove that there is not always a causal relationship between mental illness and a substance abuse problem. Moreover, when addiction occurs, youth are more likely to require teen rehab as a form of treatment.
Most young adults have a false perception that they may be invincible. These individuals believe changes won't be made until an extreme event happens i. Even then it is not likely that they will see the correlation between use and trauma. Research confirms the benefits of parents providing consistent rules and discipline, talking to children about drugs, monitoring their activities, getting to know their friends, understanding their problems and concerns, and being involved in their learning.
The importance of the parent-child relationship continues through adolescence and beyond" National Institute of Drug Abuse, Smit, Verdurmen, Monshouwer, and Smil conducted research analysis to measure the effectiveness of family interventions about teen and adolescence drug and alcohol use. According to their data alcohol and drug use is very common in Western societies.
Since early use of alcohol and other substances may cause serious health, immediate solutions to these problem are required. There are a number of community-based prevention programs and classes that aim to educate children and families about the harms of substance abuse.
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Schools began introducing substance abuse oriented classes for their students in grades as low as preschool. The inclusion of prevention studies into classroom curriculums at a young age have been shown to help to break early behaviors that could be signs drug abuse in the future. There are organizations that educates, advocates, and collaborates to reduce drug and alcohol problems in the state. Some programs may begin by allowing students to be interactive and learn skills such as how to refuse drugs.
This is proven to be a more effective method than strictly educational or non-interactive ones. When direct influences e. Once the teen has developed a dependence, he or she may develop a full-blown substance abuse disorder by the age of If he or she finds the prescription opioid has lost its luster, he or she may transition to a stronger, but more fatal substance like heroin. Teens who have chronic pain may also be at risk. With chronic pain, teens may have to take prescription opioids for relief, and can become addicted.
Other risk factors include teens with a history of substance abuse, or teens with a family history of drug abuse. Prevention of drug and alcohol abuse can start at home. Parents can talk to their children and explain the consequences of drug and alcohol abuse. Specifically talking to children while they are young can create a strong foundation for awareness of drug use. This helps parents positively influence their children, while teaching their children about boundaries.
In teaching boundaries, parents help children to understand when to deny something that can hurt them, while controlling the dynamic of an unhealthy request. Prevention talks also create deeper bonds and guidance between children and parents. Parents can establish consistency in communication, as well as guidance that can be followed for years. Preventative conversations can lead the adolescent to strengthen trust with their parent, and make wise decisions with habits, friends, interests, and influences.
Speak with an expert There are governmental agencies, community leaders, and school personnel that attempt to teach children about living a drug-free life. Much of this is to prevent teen drug abuse before they reach adulthood or go into the real world. As a result of these educational tools, teen drug abuse has significantly decreased from previous decades. Educating teens on the effects of drug abuse is important as it attempts to control possible drug use before the age of maturity.
There are presently various educational programs in place for this very reason, including:. Universal programs function to teach social, personal, and drug resistance techniques on a weekly basis. Selective programs are interventions for teens who may be more at risk and have unstable home lives, or other risk factors. Indicated educational programs are geared to teens showing problematic behavior. Prevention strategies can help stop teens from developing a substance use disorder; however, treatment is best for teens who already have a problem.
Treatment puts teens in the care of medical professionals with tools for recovery. For instance, teens may not realize there are underlying conditions that may encourage substance abuse, known as co-occurring disorders. These would be treated with cutting-edge medication and therapy. Detox is completed under the hand of a medical professional to ensure support. Perhaps most importantly, therapies and peer groups encourage a feeling of health and belonging.
Contact a treatment specialist to locate facilities catering to teen-related treatment today. Krystina Murray has received a B.
Can you prevent addiction?
She enjoys traveling, fitness, crafting, and spreading awareness of addiction recovery to help people transform their lives. Core Components of Evidence-based Prevention Programs Structure, content, and delivery are the core elements of effective research-based programs that NIDA suggests can help to address the key principles , and should be considered when determining what kind of prevention program is best for individuals and your community.
The specific content of prevention programs varies, but is designed to reduce risk factors and strengthen protective factors. The elements of a program's content should include the following:. Caring Adults Prevention programs have proven to be effective, but families and influential adults continue to play the most important role in determining how youth handle the lure of alcohol, cigarettes, misuse of prescription drugs, and illegal drugs.
Early Intervention Intervening early—before high school—is critical. The data suggest that patterns of substance abuse become worse in the high school years. Individuals who begin using alcohol or tobacco when they are very young are more likely to abuse them later in life, when it becomes much more difficult to quit. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention The Center, a division of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, provides national leadership in the federal effort to prevent alcohol, tobacco, and other drug problems.
NREPP connects members of the public to intervention developers so they can learn how to implement these approaches in their communities.
All programs included in the program directory have been rigorously reviewed based on their conceptual framework, if the program was implemented as intended, how it was evaluated, and the findings of the evaluations. Skip to main content. Help us learn what works! What does your organization do to authentically engage youth? Click here to share. Prevention Elements of Effective Prevention Programs There is a multitude of effective substance abuse prevention interventions that may have different areas of focus and can be implemented in a variety of settings.
School- and family-based programs are two program types that have been shown to be effective in preventing drug abuse, with media and computer technology programs beginning to demonstrate effectiveness as well. Programs are usually designed for a particular audience e. Programs are traditionally designed to reach an audience in its primary setting e. Programs that focus on multiple components or program types often reach their intended populations through a variety of settings.
Combining two or more effective programs has proven to be more effective than conducting a single program. The elements of a program's content should include the following: Information. Information can include facts about drug laws and policies, and drugs and their effects. Skills development.
Training to develop skills helps to build and improve behaviors e.
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Some prevention programs are targeted at structural change e. Examples of services a program provides might include school, peer, or family counseling; drug-free zones; and health care.
School-Based Drug Abuse Prevention: Promising and Sucessful Programs
The delivery of a prevention program includes the following elements: Program selection or adaptation. Communities must match effective research-based programs to their community needs in order to ensure the right fit. Adaptation involves changing a program to fit the needs of a specific population in various settings. Implementing a program refers to how it is delivered, including the number of sessions, methods used, and program follow-up. Proper implementation is key to program effectiveness. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools.
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Marijuana: Facts for Teens. Report: National Youth Tobacco Survey. Report: Behavioral Health Barometer, Volume 4. Report: Monitoring the Future Survey Results. Report: Understanding Adolescent Inhalant Use. Resource: Address College Drinking.